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ISSN : 2287-7991(Print)
ISSN : 2287-8009(Online)
Journal of the Preventive Veterinary Medicine Vol.43 No.4 pp.207-213
DOI : https://doi.org/10.13041/jpvm.2019.43.4.207

Effects of a combination of Korean traditional herbal extracts on the egg production and poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) in laying hens

Won-Suk Chae1,Chang-Yeul Yoo2,Eun-Kee Park3,Suk Kim4,Hu-Jang Lee4†
1Schools of Life-Chemistry, Daejin University, Pocheon 11159, Republic of Korea
2Department of Computer Software Science, Gyeongnam Provincial Namhae College, Namhae 52422, Republic of Korea
3Department of Medical Humanities and Social Medicine, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Busan 49267, Republic of Korea
4Institute of Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Republic of Korea
Corresponding Author. Hu-Jang Lee, Tel: +82-55-772-2352, Fax: +82-55-772-2308, E-mail: hujang@gnu.ac.kr

Abstract

The present study evaluated the repellent activity and the improvements in egg production and mortality rate on laying hens infested with poultry red mites (PRM) administered with a mixture of Korean traditional herbal methanolic extracts (CHE, Foeniculum vulgare : Sophora flavescens : Cinnamomum cassia : Glycyrrhiza glabra = 1:1:1:1, w/w/w/w). PRM numbers per laying hens in CHE-0.5 administered with CHE 0.5 kg/ton feed were significantly decreased compared to those in Non-CHE (control) during overall experimental periods (1st week post-treatment, p<0.05; 2nd week post-treatment, p<0.01; 3rd-4th week post-treatment, p<0.001). In CHE-1.0 administered with CHE 1.0 kg/ton feed, PRM numbers were significantly decreased compared to those in Non-CHE during the whole experimental periods (1st week post-treatment, p<0.01; 2nd-4th week post-treatment, p<0.001). After administration of CHE for 4 weeks, egg production and mortality rate in CHE-0.5 and CHE-1.0 were significantly improved compared to those in Non-CHE (p<0.05). In addition, hematological and blood biochemical parameters in all CHE-treated groups were insignificantly different compared to those in Non-CHE. This study showed that CHE (0.5 and 1.0 kg/ton feed) had a repellent activity on PRM in laying hens and effects on the improvement in egg production and mortality rate of laying hen. CHE could be an effective and safe candidate for the control of PRM and the improvement in egg production and mortality rate of laying hens.

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