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ISSN : 2287-7991(Print)
ISSN : 2287-8009(Online)
Journal of the Preventive Veterinary Medicine Vol.43 No.4 pp.167-174
DOI : https://doi.org/10.13041/jpvm.2019.43.4.167

Differentiation potential of mesenchymal stem cells through electrical stimulation

Na-Yeon Gu,Da-Un Jeong,Jeong Su Byeon,Jae-Young Song,Bang-Hun Hyun,Jienny Lee
Viral Disease Research Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Gimcheon 39660, Republic of Korea
Corresponding Author. Jienny Lee, Tel: +82-54-912-0809, Fax: +82-54-912-0812, E-mail: roska@korea.kr

Abstract

Electrical stimulation (ES) is known to guide the development and regeneration of many tissues. Use of low-frequency ES for therapeutic purposes has been increasing during the last decades. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent an appealing alternative cell source for cartilage repair. There are studies that induce differentiation into cartilage cells by treating the growth factors in stem cells or altering the properties of stem cells by genetic modification. In this study, we exposed equine adipose tissue-derived MSCs (eAD-MSCs) to ES and assessed changes in the chondrogenic differentiation potential. The cells obtained from equine adipose tissue attached to culture plates and expanded in vitro. Flow cytometric analysis at third passage indicated that the cells were strongly positive for CD44, CD90, and CD105, but negative for CD13, CD34, and CD45. Next, ES was applied to eAD-MSCs cultured under condition of high-density micromass under ES of 10 V/cm, with duration of 10 ms and a frequency of 2.0 Hz for three days. Gene expression of chondrogenic markers such as collagen type II, Aggrecan, and Sox9 was analyzed at three days of ES. As a result, we observed the differentiation potential of eAD-MSCs into chondrocytes by specific ES in absence of exogenous growth factors. We also found that ES upregulated the expression of heat shock protein 70, which affects cartilage formation. This study may contribute to the differentiation of MSCs into chondrogenic lineage under specific ES condition.

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